Jumada Al Awwal also known as Jumada al-Ula is the fifth month month of the Islamic calendar and it is the month which comes after Rabi Al Thani. Jumada Al Awwal 2023 starts from 14 November to 13 December 2023. The origin of the name is theorized by some as from the word jamād ( جماد) meaning "arid, dry, or rainless" - denoting the dry and parched land, hence the dry months. Jumādā (جُمَادَىٰ) may also be related to a verb meaning "to freeze" and another account relates that water would freeze during this time of year. The name Jumādā al-Ūlā may possibly mean "to take charge with, commend, entrust, commit or care during the arid or cold month".
The Islamic calendar is lunar and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. The Islamic calendar year has 354 or 355 days in a year, which is 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar based on the earth's revolution around the sun.