Essential Duas / Supplications in day to day life

One of the major elements of a Muslim conduct is the making of Dua or supplicating. Besides the general and major events like Eid, Funeral, Fasting, Marriage, etc, Islam stresses upon Muslims to supplicate for even the most trivial of matters. Therefore, practicing Muslims supplicate to Allah Almighty even for the simplest of matters in every day routine.

Although the ordinary tasks in the daily routine can be undertaken without supplication, supplicating shows the belief of a Muslim and represents the fact that even for the most trivial of things, a believer turns towards Allah Almighty for seeking His blessings and help

Let us see some essential duas we want to recite in day to day life

Greeting another One

ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّٰهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

As salamu alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

May the peace of Allah descend upon you and His Mercy and Blessings.

When salaam is conveyed - when some conveys salam to you on another's behalf.

وَعَلَيْكُمُ ٱلسَّلَامُ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّٰهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

Wa ʿalaykumu s-salāmu wa-raḥmatu -llāhi wa-barakātuh.

And upon you be peace, as well as the mercy of God and his blessings

Supplication Before a meal

بسم الله وعلى بركة الله

Bismillahi wa 'ala baraka-tillah.

With Allah's name and uon the blessings granted by Allah (do we eat).

After having a meal

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِى أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

Alham do lillah hilla-thee At Amana wa saquana waja 'alana minal Muslimeen.

All praise is due to Allah who gave us food and drink and who made us Muslims.

Dua for ZamZam (Holy Water)

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْمَاً نَافِعَاًً وَرِزْقَاً وَاسِعَاًَ وَشِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ

Allah humma Innee As alooka 'ilman naa fee-ow wa Rizq-ow waa See-ow wa Shee-faa amm min Kooll-lee daa-een.

O Allah, I ask You to grant me beneficial knowledge, abundant sustenance and cure from all diseases.

Dua Before wudhu (ablution)

بِسْمِ اللهِ

Bismillaahi.

In the Name of Allah

followed by

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذَنْبِي وَوَسِّعْ لِي فِي دَارِي وَبَارِكْ لِي فِي رِزْقِي

Allahumma-gh fir-lee dhan-bee wawass si'lee fi dari wa bariklee fi rizq.

O Allah Forgive my sins, make my home accommodating and grant me abundance in my livelihood.

Dua After wudhu

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ التَّوَّابِينَ وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa Rasooluhu. Allaahummaj alnee minat-tawwaabeena waj alnee minal-mutatahhireen. Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika, ash-hadu an laa ilaaha illaa Anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilayk.

I testify that there is no deity except Allah; He is One and has no partner. And I testify that Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is His servant and apostle.O Allah, count me (make me) among those who seek forgiveness and amongst those who stay clean. O Allah, You are pure, I praise You and testify that only You are worthy of worship and I seek forgiveness from You (I turn to You for forgiveness).

Dua When entering the masjid (mosque)

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ". بِسْمِ اللهِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَّامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ "اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ

A oothu billaahil- Adheem, wa bi-Wajhihil-Kareem, wa Sultaanihil-qadeem, minash-Shaytaanir-rajeem. Bismillaahi, wassalaatu Wassalaamu alaaRasoolillaahi. Allaahum-maftah lee abwaaba rahmatika.

I seek refuge in Almighty Allah, by His Noble Face, by His primordial power, from Satan the outcast. In the Name of Allah, and blessings. And peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, open before me the doors of Your mercy

Dua After sneezing

الحمد لله/ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ

Alhamdulillah! / Alhamdu lillahi 'ala kull-lee ha-leen .

Thanks and all praise be to Allah (or) Thanks and all praise be to Allah under all conditions.

Reply to someone who sneezes and said 'alhamdulillah'

يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ

Yar Hamoo kall Lah.

May Allah have mercy on you.

The person sneezing should then reply

يَهْدِيكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيُصْلِحُ بَالَكُمْ

Yahdee Kumullahu wa Yaslih Ba Lakoom.

May Allah give you guidance and make your children pious.

If the sneezing person dose not recite "Alhamdulillaah" then it is not necessary to reply but if he does say so then it is a waajib reply.

If the sneezing person has flu or any other difficulty which results in repeated sneezes then it is not necessary to reply after the third time.

Dua When someone is critically ill

When someone is so critically ill that there is no hope for his recovery, under no circumstances should he (or she) pray for his death. But if one must, then one should recite the following dua:

للهُمَّ أَحْيِنِي مَا كَانَتِ الْحَيَاةُ خَيْرًا لِي، وَتَوَفَّنِي إِذَا كَانَتِ الْوَفَاةُ خَيْرًا لِ

Allah-humma ah-yini ma kaanatil hayaatu khairall-lee wa tawaff-fani i-dha kaanatil wa faato khai-rall-lee.

O Allah, keep me alive so long as it is in my best interest and give me death when it is in my best interest.

When visiting the sick

لا بأْسَ طَهورٌ إِنْ شاءَ الله

La ba'sa tahoorun inshaa-Allah. La ba'sa tahoorun inshaa-Allah.

No need to worry. It (this sickness) is a means of cleansing from sins. No need to worry. It (this sickness) is a means of cleansing from sins.

Dua taught to a new muslim

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَاهْدِنِي وَعَافِنِي وَارْزُقْنِي

Allahummagh fir-lee warr hamnee wah-dini warr zuq-ni.

O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me aright and grant me sustenance.

Dua When entering the toilet

بِسْمِ اللهِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُْثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ

Bismillaahi Allaahumma innee a oothu bika minal-khubthi walkhabaa ith.

In the Name of Allah] . (Then) O Allah , I seek protection in You from the male and female unclean spirits

When leaving the toilet, recite

غُغُفْرَانَكَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَذْهَبَ عَنِّي الْأَذَى وَعَافَانِي

Ghufranaka Alhamdulillah illadhi adhhaba anni al-adha wa ‘aafaanee

I seek forgiveness and pardon from You”. All Praise be to Allah, who has taken away from my discomfort and granted me relief

Dua for attaining good character

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ مُنْكَرَاتِ الأَخْلاَق، وَالأَعْمَال، وَالأَهْوَاء

Allahumma inni a’uzu-bika min munkaratil-akhlaq, wal-a’mal, wal-ahwa’

“O Allah! I seek refuge in You from undesirable manners, deeds, and aspirations

Repentance dua

Whenever a person commits any sin, he/she should immediately offer repentance to Allah, saying the following dua.

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّی اَتُوْبُ اِلَیْکَ مِنْھَا لَا اَرْجِعُ اِلَیْھَا اَبَدًا

Allahumma In-nee a-toobu ilayka minha la ar-ji-u ilayhaa abada.

O Allah, I repent before You for all my sins and I promise never to return to the same (again).

Dua Upon awakening

الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُورُ

Alhamdulillah-hillathee ah-yana ba'da ma ama tana wa ilayhi nushoor.

Many thanks to Allah who gave us life after having given us death and (our) final return (on the Day of Qiyaamah (Judgement)) is to Him.

When undertaking a journey

سُـبْحانَ الّذي سَخَّـرَ لَنا هذا وَما كُنّا لَهُ مُقْـرِنين، وَإِنّا إِلى رَبِّنا لَمُنـقَلِبون

Subhanalla-thee sakh-khara-lana haatha wa-ma kun-na lahoo muqrineena wa inna ila Rabbina la-mun-qali-boon.

Glory be to Him (Allah) who has brought this (vehicle) under our control though we were unable to control it. Sure, we are to return to our Lord.

Istikhara for nikah (marriage)

When intending to marry someone then even before proposing or expressing one's intention to propose, one should perform Wudhu in the best of manner and then offer as many Nafl Salaahs as possible. Thereafter one should praise and glorify Allah in the best manner and recite the following Dua:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُالْغُيُوبِ ، فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنَّ فِي فُلَانَةِ خَيْرَاً لِي فِي دِينِي وَدُنْيَايَ وَآخِرَتِي فَاقْدُرْهَا لِي وَإِنْ كَانَ غَيْرُهَا خَيْرٌ مِنْهَا لِي فِي دِينِي وَآخِرَتِي فَاقْدُرْهَا لِي

O Allah, You have power and I have none. You know all and I know not. You are The Knower of all that is hidden. If, in Your knowledge (mention name of person here) be good for me in my faith and in my temporal and religious life, then ordain her (or him) for me. And if anyone other than her (or him) be good for me in my faith and religious life, then ordain her (or him) for me.

Dua-e-Qunoot (read in Witr)

اَللَّهُمَّ إنا نَسْتَعِينُكَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَنُؤْمِنُ بِكَ وَنَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ وَنُثْنِئْ عَلَيْكَ الخَيْرَ وَنَشْكُرُكَ وَلَا نَكْفُرُكَ وَنَخْلَعُ وَنَتْرُكُ مَنْ ئَّفْجُرُكَ اَللَّهُمَّ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَلَكَ نُصَلِّئ وَنَسْجُدُ وَإِلَيْكَ نَسْعأئ وَنَحْفِدُ وَنَرْجُو رَحْمَتَكَ وَنَخْشآئ عَذَابَكَ إِنَّ عَذَابَكَ بِالكُفَّارِ مُلْحَقٌ

Allah humma inna nasta-eenoka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu minu bika wa natawakkalu alaika wa nusni alaikal khair, wa nashkuruka wala nakfuruka wa nakhla-oo wa natruku mai yafjuruka, Allah humma iyyaka na budu wa laka nusalli wa nasjud wa ilaika nas aaa wa nahfizu wa narju rahma taka wa nakhshaa azaabaka inna azaabaka bil kuffari mulhik.

O Allah! We beg help from You alone; ask forgiveness from You alone, and turn towards You and praise You for all the good things and are grateful to You and are not ungrateful to You and we part and break off with all those who are disobedient to you. O Allah! You alone do we worship and pray exclusively to You and bow before You alone and we hasten eagerly towards You and we fear Your severe punishment and hope for Your Mercy as your severe punishment is surely to be meted out to the unbelievers.

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