رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ العَلِيمُ
Rabbana taqabbal minna innaka antas Sameeaul Aleem
Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing - 2:127
This dua was read by Ibrahim and Ismail (A) when they completed the building of the Kabah.
The lesson is that a person must not be satisfied with actions only. Rather, after the action, be humble and beg Allah I to accept it. This is taught from the action of Ibrahim (A). After completing such a lofty action he does not express pride, rather he asks Allah I to accept the action.
رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُّسْلِمَةً لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ
Rabbana wa-j'alna Muslimayni laka wa min Dhurriyatina 'Ummatan Muslimatan laka wa 'Arina Manasikana wa tub 'alayna 'innaka 'antat-Tawwabu-Raheem
Our Lord! Make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy (will); and show us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful - 2:128
This is also the dua of Ibrahim (A).
This dua is the end result of Ibrahim’s (A) fear and recognition of Allah I after completing actions. Whilst being obedient and subservient. One should make this dua for obedience and subservience to Allah I alone. The reason is that when the recognition of Allah I is increased in a person his realisation is also increased.
Ibrahim (A) also made dua for his offspring. The close servants of Allah I are more concerned about the spiritual welfare of their offspring especially their welfare in the Aakhirah. Another reason for praying for the off-spring is that they may, by their good deeds set a good example to future generations and the nation of Islam will benefit as a whole.
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil 'akhirati hasanatan waqina 'adhaban-nar
Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire - 2:201
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to recite this dua very often.
This dua is masnun especially during tawaaf.
Allama Bagawi (R.A.) narrates that Anas (R.A.) said: Once Rasulullah r saw a person who became so thin and weak like a bird hatching out from an egg. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked him : Do you make dua to Allah I? He replied: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) I used to make this dua: “O Allah! What punishment you are to give me in the Akhirah, give it to me in this world”.
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said in astonishment “Subhanallah you do not have the capability to withstand that punishment. Why don’t you make this dua? (i.e. the above dua)”. He made this dua and was cured.
Abdullah bin Saaib (R.A.) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to recite the above dua between Rukn Jamah and Rukn Aswad.
Abu Hasan bin Dahhak (R.A.) narrates that Anas (R.A.) used to say that even if Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to make dua a hundred times he would begin with the above dua and end off with it as well, and if he used to make two dua then one of it used to be the above.
“O our Lord! Grant us good in the world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire.”
Naqi bin Makhlad (R.A.) narrates from Anas (R.A.) the above ayah used to be in the beginning of Rasulullah’s rdua, the middle and at the end.
Anas bin Malik (R.A.) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to recite the above dua.
Ibn Abbas (R.A.) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said “I do not pass any corner (at the time of tawaaf), but I see an angel at that corner saying Ameen”. Thus when you pass by it, recite the above dua
رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْراً وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَانصُرْنَا عَلَى القَوْمِ الكَافِرِينَ
Rabbana afrigh 'alayna sabran wa thabbit aqdamana wansurna 'alal-qawmil-kafirin
Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk - 2:250
This du’a was read by the believers when they were at war with Jaloot. Before the army confronted them, they recited this du’a
رَبَّنَا لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا
Rabbana la tu'akhidhna in-nasina aw akhta'na
Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error - 2:286
رَبَّنَا وَلاَ تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا
Rabbana wala tahmil alayna isran kama hamaltahu 'alal-ladheena min qablina
Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden Like that which Thou didst lay on those before us - 2:286
رَبَّنَا وَلاَ تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لاَ طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنتَ مَوْلاَنَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; Help us against those who stand against faith - 2:286
Rabbana wala tuhammilna ma la taqata lana bihi wa'fu anna waghfir lana wairhamna anta mawlana fansurna 'alal-qawmil kafireen
A narration by AbuHurairahtin Bukhariand Muslim proves that the above dua when made by Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was accepted.
Ibn Abbas (R.A.) narrates: We, as a group were sitting in the company of Nabi r. Jibra’il (A) was also present. Suddenly, the sound of a door opening was heard from above. Jibra’il (A) lifted his gaze to see. He then said “The door that has now opened does not open normally”.
The narrator says: Meanwhile an Angel descended and came to Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and said “Glad tidings to you for two such celestial lights “Our Lord! Lay not on us that burden which we have not the strength to bear. And pardon us; absolve us; and have mercy on us; You alone are our Friend and Helper; help us to triumph over The unbelieving folk.”
which were not given to any Rasul before you. The first is Suratul Fatihah and the second is the concluding ayah of Suratul Baqarah. If you read even one letter from it, you will attain that celestial light”.
Note: It means that by reading “IHDINAS SIRATAL-MUSTAQM” Allah I will most certainly show you the right path and secondly by reciting the last ayah of Suratul Baqarah, Allah I will most surely accept your dua and grant you that which you have asked for.
Abu Sa`id Ansari (R.A.) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said “The person who recites the last two ayaat of Suratul Baqarah, it will suffice him for the entire night.