01 Feb, 2023 | Wednesday 9-Rajab-1444

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, Al-Hijrah. This calendar is based on the lunar system. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are obligated to fast every day from dawn to sunset (or dawn to dusk according to some scholars). Fasting requires abstinence from sex, food, drink, and smoking. Fasting during the month of Ramadan became obligatory (wajib).

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. A fasting Muslim will usually eat a meal right after sunset called Iftar, which means breakfast, and another light meal right before dawn called Sahur.

Abu Hurairah narrated Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan”.

Eating, drinking, and sexual activities are not allowed between dawn (fajr), and sunset (maghrib). Fasting is considered an act of deeply personal worship in which Muslims seek a raised level of closeness to God. It helps them acknowledge Allah as the source of all sustenance.

During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam by refraining from violence, anger, envy, greed, lust, angry/sarcastic retorts, and gossip, and are meant to try to get along with each other better than normal. All obscene and irreligious stimuli are to be avoided as the purity of both thought and action is important. this helps them develop a higher conscience of mindfulness of Allah

Ramadan fasting is safe for healthy people provided that overall food and water intake are adequate but those with medical conditions should seek medical advice if they encounter health problems before or during fasting. The fasting period is usually associated with significant weight loss for both males and females, but weight can return after Ramadan depending on personal diet. Overall, Ramadan provides an opportunity to lose weight but structured and consistent lifestyle modifications are necessary to achieve lasting weight loss.

A review of the literature by an Iranian group suggested fasting during Ramadan might produce renal injury in patients with moderate or severe kidney disease but was not injurious to renal transplant patients with good function or most stone-forming patients. Also, it was suggested that Ramadan fasting may increase the risk of salivary gland inflammation